New York Public Library Digital Gallery
The New York Public Library Digital Gallery "select, collect, preserve and make accessible the accumulated wisdom of the world, without distinction as to income, religion, nationality, or other human condition. It offers broad public access to a wide range of historical and cultural documents that enable individuals to pursue learning at their own personal levels of interest, preparation, ability and desire, and help ensure the free trade in ideas and the right of dissent. The "NYPL Digital Gallery is The New York Public Library's image database, developed to provide free and open online access to hundreds of thousands of images from the original and rare holdings of The Library. Spanning a wide range of historical eras, geography, and visual media, NYPL Digital Gallery offers digital images of drawings, illuminated manuscripts, maps, photographs, posters, prints, rare illustrated books, and more. Encompassing the subject strengths of the vast collections of The Library, these materials represent the applied sciences, fine and decorative arts, history, performing arts, and social sciences. NYPL Digital Gallery provides free and open access to over 700,000 images digitized from the The New York Public Library's vast collections, including illuminated manuscripts, historical maps, vintage posters, rare prints, photographs." Images from European oriented collections available at the NYPL are the following:
  • "French 19th-Century Bindings: the Collection of William A. Spencer. Fine French book bindings of dozens of titles, some in multiple volumes, principally from the last third of the 19th-century into the first decade of the 20th, offer a window into the original bequest by collector William Augustus Spencer (1855-1912) of more than 200 volumes."
  • "500 Years of Italian Dance: Treasures from the Cia Fornaroli Collection. Hundreds of images from the Cia Fornaroli Collection illustrate the rich history of Italian dance. The collection includes designs, lithographs, ephemera, and more."
  • "Medieval and Renaissance Illuminated Manuscripts from Western Europe. More than 2,000 manuscript pages and associated illuminations dating from the 9th through the 16th centuries give vivid testimony to the creative impulses of the often nameless craftsmen who continually discovered new ways of animating the contents of hand-produced books."
  • ""Penny Plains" and "Two-pence Coloured:" English Theatrical Portraits 1799-1847 in the William Appleton Collection. 306 toy theatre prints portraying plays and actors in character, from the early- to mid-19th century; these prints comprise the visual materials in the William Appleton collection of theatrical correspondence and ephemera, 1697-1930."
  • "Posters of the Russian Civil War, 1918-1922. 213 posters, placards, and broadsides comprising one of the largest assemblages of such posters outside of Russia."
  • "Russia and Eastern Europe in Rare Photographs, 1860- 1945. Original Russian and East European photographs from the late 19th- and early 20th-centuries, in more than 150 albums."
  • "Sporting Sketches by Henry Thomas Alken. 75 images of hunting, sporting scenes, and related subjects in prints and drawings by the noted British artist Henry Alken (1785-1851), the best-known English sporting artist of his day and still one of the most popular."
  • "Uniforms and Regimental Regalia: The Vinkhuijzen Collection of Military Costume Illustration. Nearly 20,000 prints, drawings, watercolors, and printed book and magazine illustrations of military costume as well as military medals, regalia, insignia, coats of arms, and regimental flags, from most times and places except the United States."
  • "Turn of the Century Posters. Over 1,000 American and European posters printed from 1893 through the first years of the 20th-century. The collection represents the inception and heyday of magazine, book, and newspaper posters of the last decade of the 19th-century, and well into the 20th-century."
  • "William Blake: Illustrated Books. Three original books in "relief etching" by William Blake, who composed the texts, designed the texts and decorations, and printed the pages: America: A Prophecy (1793 [1794?]), Europe: A Prophecy (1794), and Milton (1804 [i.e. 1808?])."
  • "Woman Suffrage and Feminism Photographs in the Schwimmer-Lloyd Collection. Hundreds of photographs, prints, drawings, and other images documenting the International Woman Suffrage Alliance Congresses (IWSA) at Copenhagen, 1906; Amsterdam, 1908; Budapest, 1913; and other conferences. Featured are photographs of associates of Rosika Schwimmer such as Jane Addams, Anita Augspurg, Carrie Chapman Catt, Vilma Glucklich, Lida Gustava Heymann, and other notable women. "
  • "World War I Photograph Albums and Postcards. Nearly 400 images reproducing two amateur albums of drawings and photographs by Americans serving in France; a series of German photographic postcards; and a French automaker's published album."
  • "French 19th-Century Bindings: the Collection of William A. Spencer. Fine French book bindings of dozens of titles, some in multiple volumes, principally from the last third of the 19th-century into the first decade of the 20th, offer a window into the original bequest by collector William Augustus Spencer (1855-1912) of more than 200 volumes." About the Digital Images "For each item in NYPL Digital Gallery, a high-resolution, 300- to 1200-dpi digital image file has been created using a flatbed scanner or a digital camera. Each file is named at the time of capture with a unique number tying it to its respective descriptive record. Destined for archival storage, these original digital "captures" are not altered, enhanced or otherwise corrected, creating a record of an item's authentic appearance and condition; nor are the "archival" files cropped, in order to retain accompanying written or printed information. Simultaneously, three low-resolution, 72-dpi "derivative" files are created for delivery on the web, at 150 pixels (thumbnail or index image), 300 pixels (detail view) and 760 pixels (enlargement), respectively, on the long side. The service files for creating the derivatives (copies of the archivals) are cropped not only to eliminate the routine color calibration bars but sometimes also to reduce very wide borders which bear no image or printed information, much as picture framers routinely overmat the borders of photographs and prints. On occasion, service files are enhanced to ensure better readability of the resulting derivative files. In addition, digital images of especially important, large, oddly-shaped or difficult-to-read items have been processed for image-compression delivery making it possible to enlarge and browse their fine details on the desktop.High-resolution images are available for licensing for personal use and for professional reproduction through Photographic Services and Permissions; the low-resolution web images available on the website are suitable for immediate printing or downloading to provide good-quality reference copies for a wide range of creative, research, and educational purposes. The Library's digital project team has captured and processed primarily those materials too valuable, vulnerable, or irregular to be managed in a production environment. The balance - typically large collections of very similar materials - was digitized by two imaging contractors, both on-site and in facilities off-site. Library staff process and add many images daily. The metadata records and associated images on the website are updated twice monthly."
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    Saturday, 17 March 2012 - 10:13pm
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